Fracture – A Comprehensive Guide

Fracture is a condition in which bone gets broken due to one or the other reason. This condition is known to be one of the most common in case of traumatic injuries. When trauma occurs, fracture(s) is involved in most of the cases. It could occur in any part of the body and the severity of the condition will depend upon the degree of trauma that occurred.

Based on the severity and location of fractures, they are classified into different types. Let us see some of the most common fracture types.

Most Common Types of Fractures

Stable Fracture

In this type of fracture, the broken bone does not leave its place hence, is regarded as a stable fracture. Fixation of these fractures generally doesn’t require the use of Ortho Implants as they can be treated without surgery with the application of a cast or a sling.

Open Fracture

This is a serious fracture that generally occurs due to high-energy trauma and is often characterized by damage to surrounding soft tissues. Treatment of open fracture is done with surgery and different types of trauma implants like Hand locking System, Locking Compression Plate, Titanium Elastic Nail, or IM Nail may be used.

Transverse Fracture

This is a type of horizontal line fracture or we could say that transverse fracture is the one where a bone break occurs at the right angle.

Oblique Fracture

An oblique fracture can be well-defined as a fracture where the bone break has an angled pattern.

Comminuted Fracture

This is another serious fracture as in this case the bone gets broken into multiple pieces. Comminuted fracture generally occurs due to crushing injuries.  

What are the Causes of Fracture?

A fracture can occur due to multiple reasons while some of the most common being:

Trauma – Trauma involves car accidents, falling from a height, and contact sports injuries. This is one of the most common causes of fracture, especially in adults.

Osteoporosis – This is the condition that makes bones weak thus, they become more prone to breaking. Osteoporosis is most commonly seen in elderly people, and in them, a fracture could occur even with a slight fall.

Stress – One type of fracture is known as stress fracture and this condition occurs due to the overuse of bone. This condition is more common in athletes.

The severity of the fracture will be determined by the force or impact applied on the bone.

How a Fracture is Diagnosed?

It is necessary to get proper medical attention if a person suspects a fracture. To diagnose the condition, the orthopedist will first examine the injured area physically to identify the range of motion and symptoms. Knowing the medical history of the patient will help the doctor know whether the patient has suffered any other injuries.

Physical examination is followed by an X-ray examination to assess the location where the fracture has occurred. Besides this, other imaging tests may also be performed to identify the seriousness of the condition.
 When it comes to the treatment, surgery may be required in the case of displaced and open fractures using different types of Orthopedic Implants and Surgical Instruments. While on the other hand, non-displaced fractures can be treated non-operatively with the application of a cast or a sling.